The insurance sector has entered a phase of profound transformation. Numerous InsurTech startups have popped up to challenge the traditional model by generating more than 16 billion dollars in the last year from insurance companies.
We will see a completely changed insurance sector in the medium term. But I consider it a joke for an industry conference to show a picture of a newborn and sell it as the last intermediary or the last client to have purchased an insurance policy. I’m convinced that insurance companies will still be relevant in the future or will become even more relevant than they are now, but these companies will have to be InsurTechs or players who use technology as the main enablers for reaching their own strategic objectives.
The reach of this digital transformation goes way beyond the elimination of the middle man and interpretations from a distribution point of view. The direct digital channel dominates very few markets and deals only with compulsory insurance. Whereas, in most markets, a multichannel-oriented customer continues – with variations from country wholly country – to choose at least at some point of the customer journey to interact with an intermediary. The amplitude of the digital transformation in the insurance industry is widespread and encompasses all of the phases of the insurance value chain, from underwriting to claims.
Every insurance sector player – whether it’s a reinsurer, a carrier, or an intermediary – ought to pose this question: How should the insurance value chain be reshaped by using the new technologies at hand? Numerous relevant technologies come to mind, including the cloud, the Internet of Things (IoT), big data and advanced analytics, quantum computing, artificial intelligence, autonomous agents, drones, blockchain, virtual reality, and self-driving cars, come to mind.
To take full advantage of these technologies, there has to be a structured approach that begins with identifying use cases that can have an actual contribution to reaching strategic business goals, then takes these use cases and applies them in such a way to maximize the effects inside the insurance value chain of each player. Finally, it should look at the software/hardware selection or the make vs. buy choices. The essential idea is that there is no such thing as one size fits all. Instead, each player needs to create customized use cases based on their strategy and characteristics.
To date, there are several types of approaches to mapping InsurTech initiatives. I have developed my own classification framework based on six macro-areas (awareness, choice, purchase, usage, IoT, and peer-to-peer (P2P)). Insurance IoT, also known as connected insurance, represents one of the most relevant and mature InsurTech trends.
Connected Insurance represents a new paradigm for the insurance business, an approach that fits the mainstream Gen C, where C means connectivity. This novel insurance approach is based on sensors that collect and send data related to the status of an insured risk and on data usage along the insurance value chain. During the first edition of the Connected Insurance Observatory in January 2016, participants had the opportunity to learn what the results in the auto sector are and about some of the first uses of this approach in the other business lines.
Auto telematics represents the most mature InsurTech use case, as it has already passed the test and experimentation phase within the innovation unit. It is currently being used as an instrument for daily work within motor insurance business units. In this domain, Italy is an example of international best practice: Here, you can find that at the end of 2015, half of the 10 million connected cars in the world have a telematics insurance policy. According to the SSI’s survey for the Connected Insurance Observatory, more than 70% of Italians show a positive attitude toward motor telematics insurance solutions. According to the Istituto per la Vigilanza sulle Assicurazioni (IVASS), about 26 different insurance companies in Italy are selling the product, with a 16% penetration rate out of all privately owned insured automobiles in the second quarter of 2016. Based on the information presented by the Connected Insurance Observatory – a think-tank I created in partnership with Ania that brings together more than 30 European insurer and reinsurer groups – the Italian market will surpass 6 million telematics policies by the end of the year.
Based on this data, we identified three main benefits that connected insurance provides to the insurance sector:
The insurance companies part of the Observatory are adopting this new connected insurance paradigm for other insurance personal lines. The sum of insurance approaches based on IoT represents an extraordinary opportunity for getting the insurance sector to connect with its clients and their risks. The insurers can gradually assume a new and proactive role when dealing with their clients—from liquidation to prevention.
It’s possible to envision an adoption track of this innovation by the other business lines that are very similar to that of auto telematics, which would include:
After having passed through all the previous steps spanning almost 15 years, the Italian auto telematics market is currently entering this growth phase. The telematics experience teaches us three key lessons regarding the insurance sector:
If insurance companies do not take advantage of this opportunity, some other player will. For example, Metromile is an InsurTech startup and a digital distributor that created a telematics auto insurance policy with an insurance company that played the underwriter role. After gathering nearly $200 million in funding, Metromile is now buying Mosaic Insurance and is officially the first InsurTech startup to buy a traditional insurance company. This supports the forecast that software is eating the world – even in the insurance sector.
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