It is not just the giant companies that face cyberattacks. Everyone is familiar with the recent hacks of JPMorgan, Target, the IRS, and the Defense Department. What is not so publicized is that smaller organizations get hacked regularly—medical practices, small retailers, and even local/regional FinTech companies.
Criminals look for anything from bank card numbers to customer personal information data, and even—in the case of JP Morgan—emails. Startups are particularly vulnerable because security measures may not yet be fully baked when companies open their doors for business
Yet, this should never be the case with a FinTech startup—the consequences of falling victim to cybercrime include total loss of trust on the part of customers/consumers, loss of business to the point of failure, and legal and financial consequences from which it will never recover. Therefore, the highest level of FinTech cybersecurity must be in place before the doors open.
While FinTech founders are savvy in many financial sectors, most do not have the expertise to build a perfectly secure FinTech application. This post should offer you the essential insights and common vulnerabilities to account for.
Ensuring cybersecurity in FinTech requires the use of the latest technologies and the highest level of expertise that can be found. To protect customers' personal and financial information to secure payment systems, the system must be protected from outside threats and networking challenges within the organization. There are solutions, but they involve a solid plan and a willingness to invest the time and money to do it right.
Here are seven of the most common cybersecurity mistakes FinTech startups make—and they all can be avoided.
FinTech companies want to provide an omnichannel user experience while offering a variety of services. At the same time, consumers are increasingly using mobile devices to access those services.
Establishing authentication measures are critical. These can be put in place through the ever-increasing use of biometrics (e.g., fingerprints), one-time passwords, and code-generating apps, such as Google Authenticator, which can bypass all of the conventional methods (passwords, PINs, security questions, etc.) and provide that added layer of protection.
One of the upcoming trends in FinTech security is the use of AI to analyze risk-based authentication by analyzing user behaviors.
One of the top challenges in health records management has been storing and transmitting patient records among providers. This challenge exists on a scale just as large for FinTech data security as well. The answer? Encryption.
Every piece of data in a system should be encrypted, both as it is transmitted in-house or between the company and customers as well as the company and partners. While startup founders worry that encryption may slow down their apps, in fact, it can be run on a dedicated server.
While encryption is a relatively easy technology, it requires expertise in the setup, and especially in the protocols for how access to keys will be granted.
FinTech involves banking, insurance, lending, and more. In the course of being a user, payments will be made. And, of course, the payer wants an easy and convenient method to make payments. He also wants security measures in place to not be vulnerable to hackers who get into systems. The challenge for FinTech is to find the best merger of security and convenience. Tips for secure payment processing are found in the first three vulnerabilities already discussed.
The problem often comes when a FinTech app scales and new layers of architecture are added. There is always vulnerability when this happens, so using the same developers over time may be the safest solution here. The expertise and the technologies are out there, and the wise FinTech founder will spend the money to get the best.
This should go without saying, but it bears repeating. Here’s the thing about the public cloud: your data can be at risk, especially if you use a cheaper, less-known company. Even with the larger companies, you are still open to attack and risk getting locked out of your data.
For top results, FinTech companies should develop a private cloud server for data storage.
There is an old military saying: “Loose lips sink ships.” The same is true in cybersecurity; only it has to do with loose fingers. Therefore, there should be a common security training manual, and all employees must be required to complete that training and demonstrate mastery before they have access to any data.
A part of employee training must also relate to addressing the most common security issues and detecting and reporting any potential security issues. Cybercriminals love to get into systems through employees' email and social media accounts.
There must be a plan in place for both continuous monitoring and vigilance so that all systems are watched for threats. And there should be one individual in charge of receiving information on all potential issues from everyone and everywhere. That may be an in-house security executive or, in the case of small FinTech operations, a contracted expert, preferably from the development team that created the app itself. Those with intimate knowledge of architecture are best able to fix it if bugs or gaps are discovered.
Audits should not just occur for the FinTech system; they should occur with any technology partners as well. Who is managing their security, and what is the level of expertise? Do they monitor and audit themselves too? There is a huge vulnerability in the transmission of data if the interfaces between systems are not wholly secure.
The tech bubble is far from bursting. New technology hits the horizons continually. And hackers, too, are continually developing new technology to commit their intrusions and thefts.
It is critical that the individual in charge of a FinTech security stays abreast of all new developments in industry security, breaches that have occurred, gaps that have been found in the security of others’ systems, and the latest technology that criminals have developed to successfully hack into databases and payment systems. These hacks will not always be within the FinTech industry itself—they may occur in healthcare or in any e-commerce enterprise that stores the personal and financial data of consumers.
In short, a FinTech security executive, whether in-house or contracted, must remain an expert on any type of cybercrime that is afoot.
The growth of FinTech will not slow. From 560 venture funding deals in 2013 through well over a thousand by the end of 2017, there will be a steady flow of new entrants in the industry. Without a doubt, many of them will make cybersecurity a top priority and put into place the most robust solutions. It is also quite realistic to understand that some new enterprises will not be as robust.
The best advice for anyone entering this industry is to take a breath and not make getting to launch the top priority quickly. Any founder must take the time to get the security in place and to test, test, test—before and during. There is a reason for the huge growth in cybersecurity consulting firms today. Any FinTech founder without expertise can find it and should use it.
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